Plastic Surgery

An Integrated Approach

Stanford University School of Medicine is one of the world's leading medical centers. The Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is strongly committed to excellence in patient care and cross-disciplinary research that brings current medical developments into clinical practice.

  • » Patient Care
    Evaluation and treatment in all areas of Plastic Surgery for children and adults
  • » Research
    Innovation and discovery, from laboratory research to clinical trials
  • » Education
    Commitment to the highest quality of education for future surgeons and researchers


The field of Plastic Surgery ranges from breast reconstruction and wound healing to the treatment of scars and wrinkles. Plastic Surgery researchers study the effects of aging and disease on human tissue, new kinds of bandages to improve the treatment of battlefield and other injuries, certain cells in our bodies that can help wounds heal without scars, and a wide range of other topics.

Reconstructive Surgery, which involves the restoration of form and function in any area of the body. This might include repairing a hole left when a bone tumor is removed, reconstructing a breast following a mastectomy, reforming connections of a reattached limb, or even separating conjoined twins.

Microsurgery, in which surgeons reattach tiny pieces of tissue taken from a donor or from another part of a patient's body, as with a skin graft. Microsurgeons specialize in the reconnection of nerves, muscles, and blood vessels.

Hand surgery, including treatment of acute and chronic hand and upper limb problems, such as carpal tunnel surgery and brachial plexus repair.

Cosmetic (or Aesthetic) surgery, such as breast reduction or augmentation, liposuction, facelifts, and skin treatments.

Craniofacial surgery, a major component of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, for children born with abnormalities of the face or head, from craniosynostosis (improper development of the skull bones) to cleft palate to jaw reconstruction.

Oral and Maxiollofacial Surgery, which relates to the mouth and jaw. It can help patients who suffer from jaw pain or injuries, and even sleep disorders.


Why I Went Into Medicine - Rahim Nazerali, MD

Dr. James Chang, Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Chief, in the operating room

Dr. Gordon K. Lee, MD, Associate Professor and Residency Program Director, performs a surgery.

Dr. Rohit Khosla, Assistant Professor, performs a surgery as resident Dr. Joseph Baylan and fellow Dr. Dana Johns assist. Dr. Harleen Sethi, Dr. Paul Mittermiller, Dr. Jang Hyun Lee (Korea), and Dr. Mohammed Khurram (India) observe. 

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Faculty Spotlight

Sabine Girod

Sabine Girod, MD, DDS, PhD, is Chief of Dentistry and Director of the Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Service at Stanford. She received her DDS from the University of Bonn, Germany, her MD from the University of Hannover Germany, and her PhD from the University of Cologne, Germany. She trained in oral and cranio-maxillofacial surgery in Germany and completed a postdoctoral research fellowship at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (Harvard Medical School) in Boston. She is currently an Associate Professor of Plastic Surgery and Otolaryngology (by courtesy) at Stanford University Medical Center.

Dr. Girod is an attending surgeon at Stanford Hospital and Lucile Salter Packard Children's Hospital and a researcher at the VA San Francisco. Her special clinical and research interests include reconstruction of complex craniofacial injuries and maxillofacial deformities, including orthognathic surgery, bone replacement, distraction osteogenesis, and osseointegrated implants. She has received multiple honors and awards for her clinical and research work, teaches nationally and internationally, and has published extensively on oral, maxillofacial, and craniofacial surgery.

In addition to her academic and clinical work as a surgeon, Dr. Girod was selected as a Faculty Fellow and for the Phsyician Leadership Program at the Stanford School of Medicine. She recently received a fellowship award from the Gender Research Institute at Stanford and the McCormick Research Award from the Dean's office at the Stanford School of Medicine. She is involved in several programs with the Office of Diversity and Leadership that contribute to excellence and diversity at multiple levels in the Stanford School of Medicine. Her other major interests are the challenges and changes academic medical centers are facing in a rapidly changing health care environment nationally and internationally.